Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Far more commonly, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western environment over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by Ladies of varied courses, by Sikh Adult men, and many by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It absolutely was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night attire, and is synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is possible that we English took the routine just like a very good quite a few Other individuals from the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's due to White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from soft material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, a person-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating numerous resources. Mainly during the US, extend-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and can also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times incorporated the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume major Click here over shorts or short pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps today refer to Ladies's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became popular within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.